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湘山寺遗址及石刻简介

2015-07-16 16:07  来源: 桂林市文化新闻出版广电局
  
湘山寺遗址及石刻简介

  湘山寺位于县城西北隅的湘山下。唐至德元年(756),为出家人释全真(湖南郴州人)所创建,初为净土院。唐会昌五年(845),武宗在全国大肆灭佛,寺庙被毁,唐宣宗元年(847)时重建。宋真宗赐额为景德寺,南宋高宗更额为报恩光孝禅寺,因建在湘山南麓,称之为湘山寺,又因全真法师被世人称为“无量寿佛”,俗称寿佛寺。该寺自创建以来,在历代更迭和兴衰交替中,寺院建筑也在屡毁屡建的过程中不断地扩建,到宋时,规模宏大,香火旺盛,有“楚南第一禅林”之誉称和“兴唐显宋”之说。寺内佛殿林立,有龙凤门、大雄殿、伽蓝殿、布金楼等建筑,明洪武十三年(1380)年间复设僧正司管理寺院。从明陈瑶登眺诗中“古刹幽岑鸟不啼,芙蓉一枝俯丹梯”,还可看出寺院的宏大。1944年,日寇第二次进军广西,1945年撤离全州时焚毁了湘山寺,寺院建筑被烧毁。现寺内遗存有妙明塔、摩崖碑刻多幅、洗钵岩泉、石雕群等。湘山寺自唐至今历经沧桑延续了一千二百五十多年,留下了丰富的文化遗产,对于研究古代寺院建筑和佛教文化具有重要的意义。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

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